Environmental Requirements and Market Access

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Investigating over twenty cases where exports from developing countries faced new environmental requirements, this OECD report examines how environmental requirements can be trade barriers for developing countries. These case studies, covering a diverse number of products and exporting countries, trace a number of environmental regulations, standards and labelling schemes, from conception through implementation. In so doing, they highlight the difference that sensitivity to potential trade effects can make when designing environmental regulations and standards. They also show that timely technical assistance has played a crucial role in helping exporters from developing countries adjust to new environmental requirements without suffering adverse trade effects.

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Phytosanitary Measures Affecting the Import of Fresh Durian Fruit

This chapter discusses Australian measures designed to ensure that plant pests linked to durian fruit, which are not present in Australia, do not enter the country in shipments of the fruit in a fresh state. It describes the lengthy and difficult negotiations with Thailand, which exports the fruit and regarded some of the conditions for testing either unreasonable or protective of Australian growers, and the Australian authorities, which wanted to avoid the entry of new pests in the imported fruit.

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