Environmental Requirements and Market Access

image of Environmental Requirements and Market Access

Investigating over twenty cases where exports from developing countries faced new environmental requirements, this OECD report examines how environmental requirements can be trade barriers for developing countries. These case studies, covering a diverse number of products and exporting countries, trace a number of environmental regulations, standards and labelling schemes, from conception through implementation. In so doing, they highlight the difference that sensitivity to potential trade effects can make when designing environmental regulations and standards. They also show that timely technical assistance has played a crucial role in helping exporters from developing countries adjust to new environmental requirements without suffering adverse trade effects.

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Mangrove Protection Initiatives and Farmed Shrimp

This chapter shows how the sometimes destructive effects of shrimp farming on mangrove forests led some environmental groups to try to block expansion of the industry. In response, the shrimp aquaculture industry developed a voluntary programme to certify responsible aquaculture practices. As well, various intergovernmental organisations have joined forces to improve the environmental performance of shrimp farming.

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