Environmental Requirements and Market Access

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Investigating over twenty cases where exports from developing countries faced new environmental requirements, this OECD report examines how environmental requirements can be trade barriers for developing countries. These case studies, covering a diverse number of products and exporting countries, trace a number of environmental regulations, standards and labelling schemes, from conception through implementation. In so doing, they highlight the difference that sensitivity to potential trade effects can make when designing environmental regulations and standards. They also show that timely technical assistance has played a crucial role in helping exporters from developing countries adjust to new environmental requirements without suffering adverse trade effects.

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Limits on Pesticide Residues in Tea

This chapter discusses the effects of pesticide residue limits on exports by Indian tea producers and of the absence of internationally harmonised regulations. It draws attention to producers’ complaints about the differences in the limits set by different countries and to what they perceived as the arbitrariness of Germany’s limits, to reactions by consumer groups, and to the choice made by some Indian producers to shift to an “organic” product both to satisfy consumers and increase profit margins for a quality product.

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