Environmental Requirements and Market Access

image of Environmental Requirements and Market Access

Investigating over twenty cases where exports from developing countries faced new environmental requirements, this OECD report examines how environmental requirements can be trade barriers for developing countries. These case studies, covering a diverse number of products and exporting countries, trace a number of environmental regulations, standards and labelling schemes, from conception through implementation. In so doing, they highlight the difference that sensitivity to potential trade effects can make when designing environmental regulations and standards. They also show that timely technical assistance has played a crucial role in helping exporters from developing countries adjust to new environmental requirements without suffering adverse trade effects.

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Limits on Pesticide Residues in Snow Peas

This chapter examines the problems resulting from pesticide residues in snow peas produced in Guatemala and imported into the United States that exceeded the limits set by US regulations. The production of snow peas was originally encouraged by USAID, which eventually undertook research on and training in pest management in order to avoid excess pesticide residue in export crops.

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