Environmental Requirements and Market Access

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Investigating over twenty cases where exports from developing countries faced new environmental requirements, this OECD report examines how environmental requirements can be trade barriers for developing countries. These case studies, covering a diverse number of products and exporting countries, trace a number of environmental regulations, standards and labelling schemes, from conception through implementation. In so doing, they highlight the difference that sensitivity to potential trade effects can make when designing environmental regulations and standards. They also show that timely technical assistance has played a crucial role in helping exporters from developing countries adjust to new environmental requirements without suffering adverse trade effects.

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Limiting Pesticide Residues in Pineapples

Over the last 20 years, Ghana has expanded rapidly into the production of pineapples for export, particularly to the EU. This export trade was put at risk of being severely disrupted, however, as a result of new regulations relating to pesticide residues in food, introduced by the EU starting in the 1990s, and later of private standards on good agricultural practice introduced by a group of European importers and retailers of fruits and vegetables.

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