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Environmental Requirements and Market Access

image of Environmental Requirements and Market Access

Investigating over twenty cases where exports from developing countries faced new environmental requirements, this OECD report examines how environmental requirements can be trade barriers for developing countries. These case studies, covering a diverse number of products and exporting countries, trace a number of environmental regulations, standards and labelling schemes, from conception through implementation. In so doing, they highlight the difference that sensitivity to potential trade effects can make when designing environmental regulations and standards. They also show that timely technical assistance has played a crucial role in helping exporters from developing countries adjust to new environmental requirements without suffering adverse trade effects.

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Executive Summary

Developing countries want to boost their income through exports. Importers, particularly industrialised countries, want to ensure that imported goods meet their own established requirements for health, safety and the environment. Their consumers may also want to minimise the environmental impacts of producing and using those goods. In theory, these goals are compatible.

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