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The Role and Design of Net Wealth Taxes in the OECD

image of The Role and Design of Net Wealth Taxes in the OECD

This report examines and assesses the current and historical use of net wealth taxes, defined as recurrent taxes on individual net assets, in OECD countries. It provides background on the use of wealth taxes over time in OECD countries as well as on trends in income and wealth inequality. It then assesses the case for and against the use of a net wealth tax to raise revenues and reduce inequality, based on efficiency, equity and tax administration considerations. The effects of personal capital income taxes and taxes on wealth transfers are also discussed to understand how these taxes interact with net wealth taxes. Finally, the report looks at practical tax design issues and shows that the way a net wealth tax is designed can have a significant impact on the effectiveness and fairness of the tax. The report concludes with a number of practical tax policy recommendations regarding net wealth taxes.

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Net wealth tax design issues

This chapter examines practical tax design issues in countries that currently tax or have previously taxed individual net wealth. It largely draws upon countries’ responses to the OECD Net Wealth Tax Questionnaire. This chapter highlights the differences in the ways that countries have implemented net wealth taxes in practice and identifies a number of good policy practices in the design of net wealth taxes.

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