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Taxing Wages 2008

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Taxing Wages provides unique information on income tax paid by workers and on social security contributions levied upon employees and their employers in OECD countries. In addition, this annual publication specifies family benefits paid as cash transfers. Amounts of taxes and benefits are detailed program by program, for eight household types which differ by income level and household composition. Results reported include the marginal and effective tax burden for one- and two-earner families, and total labour costs of employers. These data on tax burdens and cash benefits are widely used in academic research and in the preparation and evaluation of social and economic policy making. Taxing Wages 2008 includes a Special Feature entitled "Consumption Taxation as an Additional Burden on Labour Income".

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Graphical Exposition of the 2008 estimated Tax Burden

The graphs in this section show the estimated tax burden on labour income in 2008 for gross wage earnings between 50 per cent and 250 per cent of the average wage (AW). For each OECD member country, the tax burden is shown for four family types: single taxpayers without children, single parents with 2 children, one-earner married couples without children and one-earner married couples with 2 children. Both the average and the marginal tax wedge are presented in a separate graph for each of these family types. The different components of the tax wedge are also presented; the graphs show respectively central income tax, local income tax, employee social security contributions, employer social security contributions and family benefits as a percentage of total labour costs (TLC). In addition, the net personal average and marginal tax rate ((the change in) personal income tax and employee social security contributions net of cash benefits as a percentage of (the change in) gross wage earnings) are included in the graphs that show respectively the average and the marginal tax wedge. 

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