Taxing Energy Use 2019

Using Taxes for Climate Action

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Well-designed systems of energy taxation encourage citizens and investors to favour clean over polluting energy sources. In particular, fuel excise and carbon taxes are simple and cost-effective tools to curb dangerous climate change. Energy and carbon taxes also contribute to limiting health damage from local pollution. Taxing Energy Use (TEU) 2019 presents a snapshot of where countries stand in deploying energy and carbon taxes, tracks progress made, and makes actionable recommendations on how governments could do better. The report contains new and original data on energy and carbon taxes in OECD and G20 countries, and in international aviation and maritime transport.



Carbon price signals through taxes

This chapter focuses on the taxation of combustible energy sources, and establishes the extent to which tax-based carbon price signals are aligned with a low-end carbon benchmark. The chapter compares tax-based carbon price signals across countries, sectors, and fuels. Special emphasis is placed on the relative taxation of coal and natural gas, as well as on the taxation of aviation and maritime transport. The chapter annex present carbon tax profiles for all 44 OECD and Selected Partner Economies.


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