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Taxing Energy Use 2019

Using Taxes for Climate Action

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Well-designed systems of energy taxation encourage citizens and investors to favour clean over polluting energy sources. In particular, fuel excise and carbon taxes are simple and cost-effective tools to curb dangerous climate change. Energy and carbon taxes also contribute to limiting health damage from local pollution. Taxing Energy Use (TEU) 2019 presents a snapshot of where countries stand in deploying energy and carbon taxes, tracks progress made, and makes actionable recommendations on how governments could do better. The report contains new and original data on energy and carbon taxes in OECD and G20 countries, and in international aviation and maritime transport.

English

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Introduction and methodology

This chapter provides the context and motivation for the analysis of energy and carbon taxes. It also contains an overview of the main results for 44 OECD and Selected Partner Economies. In addition, the chapter discusses the methodology used to calculate effective energy tax rates (per GJ) and effective carbon tax rates (per tonne of CO2).

English

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