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Taxing Energy Use 2019

Using Taxes for Climate Action

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Well-designed systems of energy taxation encourage citizens and investors to favour clean over polluting energy sources. In particular, fuel excise and carbon taxes are simple and cost-effective tools to curb dangerous climate change. Energy and carbon taxes also contribute to limiting health damage from local pollution. Taxing Energy Use (TEU) 2019 presents a snapshot of where countries stand in deploying energy and carbon taxes, tracks progress made, and makes actionable recommendations on how governments could do better. The report contains new and original data on energy and carbon taxes in OECD and G20 countries, and in international aviation and maritime transport.

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Energy price signals through taxes

This chapter analyses tax-based energy price signals across all forms of energy use. The chapter pays special attention to whether energy and carbon taxes favour low- and zero-carbon energy sources over more polluting options. The chapter also discusses the relative tax treatment of gasoline and diesel in road transport. The chapter annex presents energy tax profiles for all 44 OECD and Selected Partner Economies.

English

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