1887

Revenue Statistics in Asia and the Pacific 2022

Strengthening Tax Revenues in Developing Asia

image of Revenue Statistics in Asia and the Pacific 2022

This annual publication compiles comparable tax revenue statistics for Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, People’s Republic of China, Cook Islands, Fiji, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nauru, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Tokelau, Vanuatu and Viet Nam. It also provides information on non-tax revenues for selected economies. Based on the OECD Global Revenue Statistics database, the publication applies the OECD methodology to Asian and Pacific economies to enable comparison of tax levels and tax structures on a consistent basis, both among the economies of the region and with other economies worldwide. This edition includes a special feature on strengthening tax revenues in developing Asia. The publication is jointly produced by the OECD’s Centre for Tax Policy and Administration and the OECD Development Centre, in co-operation with the Asian Development Bank, the Pacific Island Tax Administrators Association and the Pacific Community.

English

Table 3.16 - Taxes on specific goods and services (5120) as percentage of total taxation

English

Revenue Statistics in Asian and Pacific Economies 2022 - © OECD 2022

‌3.16Taxes on specific goods and services (5120) as percentage of total taxation
‌‌
‌1997‌
‌2000‌
‌2007‌
‌2010‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
Australia 1
13.8
 
14.1
 
11.4
 
12.0
 
10.5
 
10.1
 
10.1
 
9.9
 
10.5
 
..
 
Bangladesh
..
 
41.1
 
33.3
 
28.2
 
24.6
 
26.4
 
27.4
 
24.8
 
23.1
 
23.2
 
Bhutan
29.4
 
15.5
 
24.7
 
19.6
 
22.6
 
26.4
 
29.2
 
24.2
 
11.9
 
9.5
 
Cambodia
..
 
..
 
51.6
 
33.6
 
41.1
 
39.8
 
38.3
 
40.4
 
40.3
 
33.3
 
China 2,3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
9.9
 
10.1
 
Cook Islands
..
 
..
 
16.3
 
18.6
 
17.7
 
19.5
 
18.1
 
16.1
 
17.3
 
19.3
 
Fiji
..
 
..
 
..
 
26.9
 
29.8
 
33.7
 
33.2
 
36.3
 
36.1
 
33.5
 
Indonesia
12.1
 
15.3
 
12.4
 
12.2
 
12.9
 
12.0
 
12.2
 
11.6
 
11.6
 
13.7
 
Japan 1
7.9
 
7.9
 
7.1
 
7.2
 
5.8
 
5.7
 
6.6
 
5.3
 
5.1
 
..
 
Kazakhstan
..
 
10.3
 
12.1
 
35.1
 
29.5
 
24.9
 
30.1
 
29.1
 
26.8
 
21.8
 
Kyrgyzstan
18.4
 
23.7
 
20.3
 
15.4
 
21.2
 
24.6
 
25.4
 
24.8
 
26.6
 
25.1
 
Korea 1
21.6
 
19.7
 
14.5
 
15.1
 
10.9
 
10.5
 
10.1
 
9.4
 
8.7
 
7.8
 
Lao PDR
..
 
..
 
..
 
37.8
 
32.9
 
37.9
 
33.7
 
39.3
 
38.8
 
34.4
 
Malaysia
27.5
 
20.5
 
17.1
 
17.3
 
11.0
 
9.0
 
7.8
 
9.4
 
14.4
 
15.7
 
Maldives
..
 
..
 
92.2
 
90.8
 
23.5
 
27.6
 
29.3
 
29.8
 
30.9
 
26.5
 
Mongolia
..
 
..
 
17.3
 
19.0
 
21.3
 
21.6
 
17.8
 
18.9
 
18.8
 
19.6
 
Nauru
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
44.6
 
38.2
 
33.3
 
27.8
 
19.9
 
20.3
 
New Zealand 1
8.2
 
7.5
 
5.9
 
6.4
 
6.1
 
5.9
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
5.8
 
5.0
 
Pakistan
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
23.6
 
24.8
 
23.3
 
26.0
 
25.3
 
26.5
 
Papua New Guinea
..
 
..
 
14.4
 
16.3
 
16.4
 
18.4
 
20.5
 
21.2
 
23.0
 
23.4
 
Philippines
28.2
 
24.5
 
15.5
 
15.7
 
13.7
 
13.4
 
14.5
 
17.8
 
18.4
 
19.3
 
Samoa
..
 
..
 
37.8
 
40.2
 
36.5
 
38.7
 
38.0
 
36.9
 
35.9
 
36.2
 
Singapore
..
 
13.0
 
10.1
 
10.3
 
10.0
 
9.2
 
8.8
 
8.7
 
8.7
 
8.3
 
Solomon Islands
..
 
..
 
40.7
 
35.3
 
38.4
 
40.6
 
39.8
 
43.9
 
41.3
 
40.2
 
Thailand
..
 
37.0
 
31.5
 
32.1
 
28.3
 
29.0
 
30.0
 
28.8
 
29.4
 
30.0
 
Tokelau
..
 
..
 
52.2
 
48.9
 
48.9
 
45.4
 
44.2
 
52.7
 
46.3
 
49.2
 
Vanuatu
..
 
40.4
 
38.6
 
40.8
 
38.1
 
38.7
 
37.6
 
36.0
 
35.4
 
39.2
 
Viet Nam
..
 
..
 
24.2
 
22.3
 
20.5
 
21.8
 
19.7
 
17.9
 
18.3
 
16.9
 
Africa (30) average 4
..
 
..
 
..
 
20.9
 
20.7
 
21.6
 
21.2
 
21.0
 
20.9
 
..
 
Asia-Pacific (28) average
..
 
..
 
..
 
26.3
 
23.7
 
24.2
 
23.9
 
24.2
 
22.8
 
22.3
 
LAC average 5
27.3
 
26.5
 
19.9
 
19.2
 
17.0
 
16.8
 
17.1
 
16.7
 
16.7
 
16.0
 
OECD average 1,6
11.7
 
11.6
 
10.3
 
10.8
 
10.2
 
10.2
 
10.0
 
9.7
 
9.5
 
..
 
..
Not available
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
1.
Australia, Japan, Korea and New Zealand are part of the OECD (38) group. Data for Australia, Japan, Korea, New Zealand and the OECD average are taken from OECD (2021),Revenue Statistics 2021.
2.
2007 to 2018: Data for China are not included in this table as historical data on revenues from social security contributions are not available.
3.
2007 to 2018: Revenues from import excise tax and refund of excise tax for export are included under heading 5111 as they cannot be separated from revenues from import VAT and refunds of VAT for export and VAT represents the majority of the revenues.
4.
Represents an unweighted average for the 30 African countries included in the publicationRevenue Statistics in Africa 2021.
5.
Represents an unweighted average for the 26 Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries included in the publicationRevenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean 2022.
6.
Represents an unweighted average for the 38 OECD member countries included in the publicationRevenue Statistics 2021.

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