Revenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean 2016

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The Revenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean publication is jointly undertaken by the OECD Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, the OECD Development Centre, the Inter American Center of Tax Administrations (CIAT), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the Inter-American Development bank (IDB). It compiles comparable tax revenue statistics for a number of Latin American and Caribbean economies, the majority of which are not OECD member countries. The model is the OECD Revenue Statistics database which is a fundamental reference, backed by a well-established methodology, for OECD member countries. Extending the OECD methodology to Latin American and Caribbean countries enables comparisons about tax levels and tax structures on a consistent basis, both among themselves and between OECD and OECD economies.

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Tax revenue trends, 1990-2014

The tax to GDP ratio is a key indicator reflecting the current collection of funds through taxation by a country in order to finance public goods and services and to invest in infrastructure. Raising revenue through taxes is an important factor in ensuring a country’s economic emergence (OECD, 2014). The appropriate level of taxation gives governments the capacity to make the investments necessary to achieve growth. It also enables emerging countries to develop their political autonomy and build effective and accountable States. Many developing countries recognise that tax revenues provide more predictable revenue streams than the often uncertain and more volatile non- tax revenues from oil and commodities that some countries have come to rely on.

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