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Trends in International Migration 2004

image of Trends in International Migration 2004

Trends in International Migration is OECD's annual report on migration policy and migration flows and stocks of OECD countries.  It includes a detailed description of the flows, the different channels of immigration and the diversity of nationalities involved. Particular attention is paid to the growing number of migrants from China and Russia in recent flows.  More detailed regional analyses examine migration within and from Central and Eastern Europe, East and South-East Asia, Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa.

This volume highlights the role of immigration in population and labour force growth, as well as changes in foreigners’ status with respect to the labour market.  This year, particular attention is paid to the rates and determinants of the employment of foreigners.

The report also describes measures undertaken to improve the management of migration flows and combat irregular immigration. Special attention is paid to measures aimed at supporting the integration of immigrants.  Three types of initiatives, which can be summarised as “information, incentives, sanctions”, arise from the recently adopted measures.

This year's special report focuses on some of the results found in a new database on immigrants and expatriates made possible by data collected for the first time in recent censuses in some countries.

The statistical annex presents a unique collection of data on migration.

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Counting Immigrants and Expatriates in OECD Countries

A New Perspective

Since the end of the 1990s, issues related to international migration, and more particularly to the international mobility of highly-qualified workers, are receiving increasing attention from policy-makers. This reflects among others the increasing international movements that have been taking place following the fall of the Iron Curtain and in conjunction with the growing globalisation of economic activity. In addition, demographic imbalances between developed and developing countries and large differences in wages have tended to encourage the movements of workers from economies where they are in surplus to those where they are most in need. Moreover, many OECD countries have been attempting to attract qualified human resources from abroad, which their increasingly knowledge-intensive economies need in order to sustain economic growth. Despite these increased movements and the heightened policy interest in this area, however, the quality and comparability of international data on migration have scarcely kept pace...

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