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The Nordic Monitoring System 2011-2014

Status and development of diet, physical activity, smoking, alcohol and overweight

image of The Nordic Monitoring System 2011-2014

This report describes the results of the first and second collection of data in the joint Nordic Monitoring System of diet, physical activity and overweight. It is well recognized that health in the European Region needs to be improved and Nordic public health researchers have since 2008 developed and validated a Nordic method to assess diet and physical activity among adults and children. Data has collected on health behaviour and overweight in 2011 and 2014 among 18,000 adults and 5,000 children. During the three year survey period, significant changes have occurred in the Nordic countries, especially among adults. The Nordic Monitoring System shows that lifestyle and weight status differ between the Nordic countries despite highly comparable societal structures. Favorable and unfavorable health behaviour is present in all countries and there are areas to be improved in all countries.

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Objective

The objective of the Nordic monitoring of diet, physical activity and overweight is to provide data on status and changes in the intake of selected foods, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Nordic countries. Furthermore, the objective is to compare results between countries and to compare intake of certain foods and physical activity with regard to the recommendations on diet and physical activity. A further objective is to examine social inequality in diet, physical activity and overweight. The Nordic Monitoring System of diet, physical activity and overweight makes it possible to examine whether goals and visions in the Nordic Plan of Action on better health are fulfilled and whether diet, physical activity and overweight change in a favorable direction or not in the Nordic region.

English

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