Talent Abroad: A Review of Moroccan Emigrants

image of Talent Abroad: A Review of Moroccan Emigrants

Close to 3 million people who were born in Morocco lived in OECD countries in 2010/11. To assess the potential that this group represents for the Moroccan economy, this review looks at the distribution of Moroccan emigrants over OECD countries, as well as their age, sex, and educational attainment. It analyses the labour market outcomes of Moroccan emigrants and documents the characteristics of return migrants in Morocco. Moroccan emigrants primarily reside in France, followed by Spain and Italy, where their numbers grew strongly before flows were affected by the economic crisis. Moroccan emigrants have lower educational attainment and less favourable labour market outcomes than native-born persons in destination countries, and many work in low-skill occupations. Those who have returned to Morocco are often retired, but they are also especially likely to become entrepreneurs there.

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Return migration to Morocco

This chapter examines the links that Moroccan emigrants maintain with their country of origin and presents the main trends in their return migration, based on the latest Moroccan census of 2014. The characteristics of return migrants in terms of age, gender and educational attainment are presented as well as their integration in the labour market once back in Morocco. Various channels are identified through which not only those who return, but Moroccan emigrants in general can support economic development in Morocco. On this background, the chapter discusses the policy challenges that Morocco faces in seeking to maintain links with the Moroccan emigrants, mobilise their potential economic contribution and support their reintegration in case they return.

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