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Talent Abroad: A Review of Moroccan Emigrants

image of Talent Abroad: A Review of Moroccan Emigrants

Close to 3 million people who were born in Morocco lived in OECD countries in 2010/11. To assess the potential that this group represents for the Moroccan economy, this review looks at the distribution of Moroccan emigrants over OECD countries, as well as their age, sex, and educational attainment. It analyses the labour market outcomes of Moroccan emigrants and documents the characteristics of return migrants in Morocco. Moroccan emigrants primarily reside in France, followed by Spain and Italy, where their numbers grew strongly before flows were affected by the economic crisis. Moroccan emigrants have lower educational attainment and less favourable labour market outcomes than native-born persons in destination countries, and many work in low-skill occupations. Those who have returned to Morocco are often retired, but they are also especially likely to become entrepreneurs there.

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Labour market outcomes of Moroccan emigrants

This chapter examines the labour market situation of working-age Moroccan emigrants through several key indicators and compares it to the situation of other groups of emigrants. Moroccan emigrants have a relatively low employment rate and a high unemployment rate in their main OECD destination countries, except Canada and the United States. A closer look focuses on developments over time, including changes in labour market integration due to the economic crisis (especially in Spain, where the deterioration of the labour market during the economic crisis was pronounced). Distinguishing by gender and level of education highlights the situation of particular groups. Low-educated Moroccan emigrants face more difficulties in the labour market. The industries and occupations in which Moroccan emigrants work tend to be unskilled, except for a few specific occupations. Finally, the high rate of overqualification among emigrants indicates lower job quality.

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