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Sustainable Reintegration of Returning Migrants

A Better Homecoming

image of Sustainable Reintegration of Returning Migrants

For many OECD countries, how to ensure the safe and dignified return to their origin countries of migrants who do not have grounds to remain is a key question. Alongside removal, return and reintegration assistance have become an integral part of the response. Development cooperation is expanding its activity to support the capacity of countries of origin to reintegrate all returning migrants.

Sustainable Reintegration of Returning Migrants: A Better Homecoming reports the results of a multi-country peer review project carried out by the OECD, with support from the German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ) on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). It examines factors that can help improve the sustainability of reintegration at the individual level and at the programme level in countries of destination and origin. The report examines how casework and community-based programmes can increase uptake and improve outcomes. It identifies key elements of an effective individual reintegration programme, including outreach and counselling, case management and referral, and partnerships. The report makes proposals about how to improve programme design, evaluation, and monitoring, indicating areas where countries could co-operate more in implementation of programmes and in coordination with origin countries.

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Institutional context of return and reintegration

In the countries covered by this review, recent legislative changes have shifted responsibility for promoting and implementing return and reintegration programmes. In many but not all countries reviewed, migration and development bodies are tasked to work together. More broadly, programmes have a wide variety of partnerships in place. Implementing partners in origin countries range from international organisations to civil society bodies to branches of the destination country institutions.

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