Sustainable Reintegration of Returning Migrants

A Better Homecoming

image of Sustainable Reintegration of Returning Migrants

For many OECD countries, how to ensure the safe and dignified return to their origin countries of migrants who do not have grounds to remain is a key question. Alongside removal, return and reintegration assistance have become an integral part of the response. Development cooperation is expanding its activity to support the capacity of countries of origin to reintegrate all returning migrants.

Sustainable Reintegration of Returning Migrants: A Better Homecoming reports the results of a multi-country peer review project carried out by the OECD, with support from the German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ) on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). It examines factors that can help improve the sustainability of reintegration at the individual level and at the programme level in countries of destination and origin. The report examines how casework and community-based programmes can increase uptake and improve outcomes. It identifies key elements of an effective individual reintegration programme, including outreach and counselling, case management and referral, and partnerships. The report makes proposals about how to improve programme design, evaluation, and monitoring, indicating areas where countries could co-operate more in implementation of programmes and in coordination with origin countries.



To explore how to improve the sustainability of reintegration programmes, drawing on current experience, and contribute to the understanding of how to monitor and evaluate such programmes, the OECD Secretariat, with support from the German Corporation for International Cooperation (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH – GIZ), commissioned by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, organised a peer-learning exercise in 2019 and 2020. From June 2019 through February 2020, the OECD Secretariat, along with project partners from both interior and development ministries of eight European countries, participated in Study Visits in different European countries (Switzerland, France, United Kingdom, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, Sweden and Norway) and in origin countries (Tunisia, Kosovo and Senegal). The visits encompassed the EU level; European OECD countries (Bern, Paris, London, Brussels, Berlin, Copenhagen, Malmö and Oslo); and origin countries (Tunis, Pristina, Dakar). In total, more than 100 stakeholders participated in the study tours, presenting and discussing programme objectives, design and outcomes. The findings have been further informed by the involvement of other actors, including potential returnees and returnees, diaspora organisations and civil society. The OECD also conducted analyses of specific return corridors.


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