Stemming the Superbug Tide

Just A Few Dollars More

image of Stemming the Superbug Tide

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a large and growing problem with the potential for enormous health and economic consequences, globally. As such, AMR has become a central issue at the top of the public health agenda of OECD countries and beyond. In this report, OECD used advanced techniques, including machine learning, ensemble modelling and a microsimulation model, to provide support for policy action in the human health sector. AMR rates are high and are projected to grow further, particularly for second- and third-line antibiotics, and if no effective action is taken this is forecasted to produce a significant health and economic burden in OECD and EU28 countries. This burden can be addressed by implementing effective public health initiatives. This report reviews policies currently in place in high-income countries and identifies a set of ‘best buys’ to tackle AMR that, if scaled up at the national level, would provide an affordable and cost-effective instrument in the fight against AMR.



Policies to combat antimicrobial resistance

During the last few years, there has been a growing interest in developing and implementing policies to combat the spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). This chapter provides an overview of the current status of OECD, Group of Twenty (G20) and European countries’ action plans for tackling AMR and highlights the critical need for extensive international collaboration among all stakeholders. It looks at varied policy options to promote the prudent use of antimicrobials, stop the spread of infections, and prevent infections all together. Actions such as antimicrobial stewardship programmes, improved environmental hygiene, and vaccination use are examined and their effectiveness illustrated in a variety of contexts. The chapter describes some of the implementation decisions and challenges associated with these interventions, and where possible, addresses the degree to which these policies have been adopted globally.



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