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Stemming the Superbug Tide

Just A Few Dollars More

image of Stemming the Superbug Tide

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a large and growing problem with the potential for enormous health and economic consequences, globally. As such, AMR has become a central issue at the top of the public health agenda of OECD countries and beyond. In this report, OECD used advanced techniques, including machine learning, ensemble modelling and a microsimulation model, to provide support for policy action in the human health sector. AMR rates are high and are projected to grow further, particularly for second- and third-line antibiotics, and if no effective action is taken this is forecasted to produce a significant health and economic burden in OECD and EU28 countries. This burden can be addressed by implementing effective public health initiatives. This report reviews policies currently in place in high-income countries and identifies a set of ‘best buys’ to tackle AMR that, if scaled up at the national level, would provide an affordable and cost-effective instrument in the fight against AMR.

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Foreword

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) jeopardises the effectiveness of many of the most valuable medical and public health advances achieved in the twentieth century. It occurs when the microbes that cause disease evolve so that the medicines which used to kill them no longer work. In 2016, the high-level meeting of United Nation’s General Assembly acknowledged AMR as a fundamental threat to the health of populations, the global economy and society as a whole. It also highlighted the need for countries to urgently put in place policies to tackle AMR and prevent its disastrous consequences.

English

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