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Stemming the Superbug Tide

Just A Few Dollars More

image of Stemming the Superbug Tide

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a large and growing problem with the potential for enormous health and economic consequences, globally. As such, AMR has become a central issue at the top of the public health agenda of OECD countries and beyond. In this report, OECD used advanced techniques, including machine learning, ensemble modelling and a microsimulation model, to provide support for policy action in the human health sector. AMR rates are high and are projected to grow further, particularly for second- and third-line antibiotics, and if no effective action is taken this is forecasted to produce a significant health and economic burden in OECD and EU28 countries. This burden can be addressed by implementing effective public health initiatives. This report reviews policies currently in place in high-income countries and identifies a set of ‘best buys’ to tackle AMR that, if scaled up at the national level, would provide an affordable and cost-effective instrument in the fight against AMR.

English

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Antimicrobial resistance: A large and growing problem

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a large and growing problem with the potential for enormous health and economic consequences, globally. As such, AMR has become a central issue at the top of the public health agenda of OECD countries and beyond. This chapter brings together the main messages of this publication and describes the key policy implications from new OECD analyses on the health and economic burden of AMR and on innovative actions to fight this top public health issue. The chapter presents AMR trends and projections in 52 OECD, Group of Twenty (G20) and European Union (EU) countries and makes a strong economic case to upscale investments in policies to promote prudent use of antibiotics in the human health sector and in policies to prevent the spread of infections. The chapter concludes by presenting the expected effectiveness, impact on healthcare expenditure and cost-effectiveness of such policies in 33 OECD and EU countries.

English

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