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Society at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2014

image of Society at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2014

This is the third edition of Society at a Glance Asia/Pacific, a regularly updated OECD overview of social indicators, which addresses the growing demand for quantitative evidence on social well-being and its trends. This report starts with an introductory chapter providing a guide to help readers understanding the OECD Social Indicator framework. Chapters 2 and three are special thematic chapters to address two increasingly topical issues in the social debate: Gender Equality in Education, Employment and Entrepreneurship and Social Protection Expenditure.

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Pensions: coverage and replacement rates

The proportion of people covered by a pension scheme and the extent to which pensions replace previous earnings are two important indicators of the role pension systems play in society. There is huge variation of pension coverage in the Asia/Pacific region: in Australia and Japan the -pension system covers over 90% of the labour force while coverage is very low in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea and Timor-Leste (, Panel A). On average, coverage of formal -pension systems is much lower in the Asia/Pacific region than in OECD countries, which suggests that now as in the future, the elderly in the Asia/Pacific region will have to rely on family support to meet their needs, much more than their peers in OECD countries.

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