Society at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2014

image of Society at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2014

This is the third edition of Society at a Glance Asia/Pacific, a regularly updated OECD overview of social indicators, which addresses the growing demand for quantitative evidence on social well-being and its trends. This report starts with an introductory chapter providing a guide to help readers understanding the OECD Social Indicator framework. Chapters 2 and three are special thematic chapters to address two increasingly topical issues in the social debate: Gender Equality in Education, Employment and Entrepreneurship and Social Protection Expenditure.

English Also available in: Korean


Old-age support ratio

In 2012, economies in the Asia/Pacific region on average had ten people of working age for every person over 65 (, Panel A).This is more than twice as high as the OECD’s average. Papua New Guinea, Mongolia and Tajikistan top the list with at least 16 working-age persons per one person of pension age, a stark contrast to Japan’s 2:1 ratio. Within the Asia/Pacific region, OECD countries such as Korea, Japan, Australia and New Zealand have the smallest old-age support ratio in comparison to non-OECD countries. In these countries life expectancy is high (), and particularly in Japan and Korea fertility rates are low (). This has contributed to an intermittent decline in the Japanese working-age population since 1995, while the Korean working-age population is projected to decline from 2018 onwards.



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