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Society at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2014

image of Society at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2014

This is the third edition of Society at a Glance Asia/Pacific, a regularly updated OECD overview of social indicators, which addresses the growing demand for quantitative evidence on social well-being and its trends. This report starts with an introductory chapter providing a guide to help readers understanding the OECD Social Indicator framework. Chapters 2 and three are special thematic chapters to address two increasingly topical issues in the social debate: Gender Equality in Education, Employment and Entrepreneurship and Social Protection Expenditure.

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Infant and child mortality

Infant mortality is a central indicator of infant health. It reflects the effect of economic and social conditions on the health of mothers and new-borns, as well as the effectiveness of health systems. Around two-thirds of the deaths that occur during the first year of life in the region are neonatal. Neonatal mortality is increasingly important because the proportion of neonatal death is increasing as under-five mortality declines (UNICEF, 2013, Child Mortality Report). Factors such as the health of mothers, maternal care and birth weight are important determinants of infant mortality. Diarrhoea, pneumonia and malnutrition in both mothers and babies are the causes of many deaths.

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