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Society at a Glance 2006

OECD Social Indicators

image of Society at a Glance 2006
OECD's biennial stocktaking of social indicators of OECD countries, this unique publication has been revised to be structurally similar to OECD's annual Factbook.  For each of the almost 40 indicators provided, a two-page spread shows on the left side definitions of indicators and commentaries on trends, while the right side shows tables and graphs highlighting key messages found in the data. This edition includes general context indicators such as income per capita, self-sufficiency indicators such as mothers in paid employment; equity indicators such as gender wage gaps; health indicators such as sick-related absences from work; and social cohesion indicators such as trust in political institutions. This edition includes StatLinks, URLs under each table and graph that link to Excel spreadsheets containing the underlying data.

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Poverty Persistence

Poverty persistence can be measured by looking at those individuals whose income is below a fixed threshold (usually a proportion of median disposable income) over a three-year period. This measure is computed on the basis of special tabulations from surveys that follow individuals over time. A number of different definitions of persistent poverty are possible. One is to measure the share of individuals who are always poor over the three years (i.e “the persistent poor”). Others include how many people are poor in two out of the three years (“recurrent poor”) and how many are poor only once over this period (“poor only once”). The income concept used is that of yearly disposable income (i.e. after transfers and payments of income taxes and social security contributions) of households, where each person is attributed the “equivalised” income of the household where he or she lives, based on a commonly used factor to adjust for differences in household size (the squared root elasticity).

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