Society at a Glance 2006

OECD Social Indicators

image of Society at a Glance 2006
OECD's biennial stocktaking of social indicators of OECD countries, this unique publication has been revised to be structurally similar to OECD's annual Factbook.  For each of the almost 40 indicators provided, a two-page spread shows on the left side definitions of indicators and commentaries on trends, while the right side shows tables and graphs highlighting key messages found in the data. This edition includes general context indicators such as income per capita, self-sufficiency indicators such as mothers in paid employment; equity indicators such as gender wage gaps; health indicators such as sick-related absences from work; and social cohesion indicators such as trust in political institutions. This edition includes StatLinks, URLs under each table and graph that link to Excel spreadsheets containing the underlying data.

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National Income per Capita

Among the different measures available in the System of National Accounts (SNA), net national income (NNI) per capita is the best indicator for comparing economic well-being across countries. NNI is defined as gross domestic product (GDP) plus net receipts of wages, salaries and property income from abroad, minus the depreciation of fixed capital assets (dwellings, buildings, machinery, transport equipment and physical infrastructure) through wear and tear and obsolescence. Estimates of NNI per capita, however, are subject to greater uncertainties than those associated to GDP per capita, the most widely used indicator of national income (and the one included in previous editions of Society at a Glance), because of the practical difficulties in measuring international income flows and capital depreciation. Because of lack of data on capital depreciation, NNI estimates are not available for Hungary and Poland: based on values of their “gross” national income per capita (USD 14 000 and USD 11 000, respectively, in 2003), both countries would however appear to belong to the low half of the income range between USD 10 000 and 20 000 shown in Figure GE1.1.

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