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Society at a Glance 2006

OECD Social Indicators

image of Society at a Glance 2006
OECD's biennial stocktaking of social indicators of OECD countries, this unique publication has been revised to be structurally similar to OECD's annual Factbook.  For each of the almost 40 indicators provided, a two-page spread shows on the left side definitions of indicators and commentaries on trends, while the right side shows tables and graphs highlighting key messages found in the data. This edition includes general context indicators such as income per capita, self-sufficiency indicators such as mothers in paid employment; equity indicators such as gender wage gaps; health indicators such as sick-related absences from work; and social cohesion indicators such as trust in political institutions. This edition includes StatLinks, URLs under each table and graph that link to Excel spreadsheets containing the underlying data.

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Housing Costs

Housing costs are critical determinants of the living conditions of individuals and households. The main indicator of housing costs used below is the share of household income that is devoted to housing, based on data from the annual national accounts of OECD countries. Housing expenditures of households, as defined in national accounts, include actual and imputed rents (the rent-equivalent that home owners would pay for a house with similar characteristics to the one the own), spending on housing maintenance and repairs, as well as the costs for water, electricity, gas and other fuels. They exclude the interest and repayments on loans for home purchases as inclusion of these alongside imputed rents would amount to double counting. Imputed rents are a better measure of “true” housing costs, as some part of mortgage repayments should really be seen as household savings. Because of the long delays in data collection and dissemination, national account data on housing costs presented here only extend to 2003 for most countries.

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