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Society at a Glance 2006

OECD Social Indicators

image of Society at a Glance 2006
OECD's biennial stocktaking of social indicators of OECD countries, this unique publication has been revised to be structurally similar to OECD's annual Factbook.  For each of the almost 40 indicators provided, a two-page spread shows on the left side definitions of indicators and commentaries on trends, while the right side shows tables and graphs highlighting key messages found in the data. This edition includes general context indicators such as income per capita, self-sufficiency indicators such as mothers in paid employment; equity indicators such as gender wage gaps; health indicators such as sick-related absences from work; and social cohesion indicators such as trust in political institutions. This edition includes StatLinks, URLs under each table and graph that link to Excel spreadsheets containing the underlying data.

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Age-Dependency Ratios

Age-dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of the population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be “dependent” on the support of others for their daily living – youths and the elderly – to the number of those individuals who are capable of providing such support. The key indicator of agedependency used below relates the number of individuals aged less than 20 and of those aged 65 and over to the population aged 20 to 64. Two other indicators are presented in this section: the youth-dependency ratio (for individuals aged less than 20) and the old-age-dependency ratio (for persons aged 65 and more), both calculated relative to the number of individuals aged 20 to 64. Taken together, these ratios provide information about the demographic shifts that have characterized OECD countries in the past and that are expected in the future.

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