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Settling In 2018

Indicators of Immigrant Integration

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This joint OECD-European Commission publication presents a comprehensive international comparison across all EU and OECD countries - as well as selected G20 countries - of the integration outcomes of immigrants and their children, using 74 indicators based on three strands: labour market and skills; living conditions; and civic engagement and social integration. To place the comparison in its proper context, the publication also provides detailed data on the characteristics of immigrant populations and households. Three special-focus chapters are dedicated to examining gender issues, youth with a migrant background, and third-country nationals in the European Union.

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Integration of young people with a migrant background

How well they integrate children with foreign-born parents can be considered a yardstick of host countries’ success in integration. Because they were schooled in their parents’ host country, the children of immigrants – both those who are native-born and those who arrived at a very young age – should not, in theory, encounter the same difficulties as adults who arrive from a foreign country. Ultimately, their outcomes should be much the same as those of young people with no migrant background. Yet that is not what happens in many host countries, particularly in Europe.The chapter begins by considering some basic demographic and immigrant-specific pointers that help situate young people with a migrant background (Indicators  and ). It then describes their access to early childhood education and care (), and to what extent they are concentrated in some schools (). It then goes on to analyse their educational outcomes: their school performance ( and ), their sense of belonging and well-being (), their levels of education (), and their drop-out rates (). The chapter then looks at labour market integration, considering the proportions of immigrant offspring who are NEETs (), their labour market outcomes ( and ) and the quality of the jobs they hold ( and ). The last area of focus, social inclusion and civic engagement, examines child poverty (), voter participation () and, finally, perceived discrimination ().

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