Reducing the Gender Employment Gap in Hungary

image of Reducing the Gender Employment Gap in Hungary

In Hungary, women are much less likely than men to be in paid work. Despite recent policy reforms and employment increases for both men and women since the global financial crisis, the gender employment gap has widened over the past years. It is now at its highest point since the mid-1990s. A major reason for the persistent employment gap in Hungary is that most mothers with very young children take an extended period out of paid work following childbirth - often until the child is two or three years of age. Traditional family attitudes towards gender roles and caring for very young children play a role. In addition, access to and use of childcare services for very young children remains limited despite some improvements, and flexible working arrangements are not widespread. For Hungary, closing the gender employment gap responds to both gender equality and labour market issues. This report analyses recent reforms and explores potential policy actions in the areas of early childhood education and care, parental leave and flexible working arrangements, which could provide women - and especially mothers of very young children - with better access to paid work.


Gender gaps in the labour market in Hungary

This chapter provides an assessment of gender employment gaps in Hungary. Building on secondary data from OECD databases as well as original OECD analyses of labour force survey microdata, it describes and discusses gender gaps in paid employment and working hours in Hungary. It also examines related gender gaps, including gender occupational segregation and gender gaps in career attainment, earnings and entrepreneurship. It also gives a closer look at the labour market situation of parents and, specifically, mothers with very young children in Hungary.


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