Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Australia 2018

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Australia has always been a nation of immigrants. More than one quarter of its population in 2015 was born abroad. Immigrants make an important economic and demographic contribution and help address skill and labour shortages. Labour migration is managed through a complex, but well-functioning and effective system which sets and respects annual migration targets. In recent years, the labour migration system has shifted from a mainly supply-driven system to a system where demand-driven migration represents close to half of the permanent skilled migration programme and demand-driven temporary migration has also risen sharply. In addition, two-step migration has gained ground in recent years. The review examines the implications of these changes for the composition of immigrants and their labour market outcomes. Moreover, it discusses recent changes in the tools used to manage labour migration and provides a detailed analysis on the impact of the introduction of SkillSelect on the efficiency of the system. Finally, the review discusses the extent to which the current labour migration system responds to the labour market needs of Australia's States and Territories.



Temporary migration with work rights and pathways from temporary migration to permanent residency

This chapter focuses on temporary migration with work rights, notably working holiday makers and international students. First, the chapter presents recent trends in these two categories of temporary migration and examines their contribution to the labour market. Second, it analyses transitions from temporary to permanent visa categories and demonstrates the growing importance of two-step migration and the increasing share of permanent visas granted to onshore applicants. Finally, the chapter provides a preliminary evaluation of the temporary graduate visa which works in similar ways to post-graduation job-search visas in other OECD countries. The


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