Pensions at a Glance 2019

OECD and G20 Indicators

image of Pensions at a Glance 2019

The 2019 edition of Pensions at a Glance highlights the pension reforms undertaken by OECD countries over the last two years. Moreover, two special chapters focus on non-standard work and pensions in OECD countries, take stock of different approaches to organising pensions for non-standard workers in the OECD, discuss why non-standard work raises pension issues and suggest how pension settings could be improved.

This edition also updates information on the key features of pension provision in OECD countries and provides projections of retirement income for today’s workers. It offers indicators covering the design of pension systems, pension entitlements, the demographic and economic context in which pension systems operate, incomes and poverty of older people, the finances of retirement-income systems and private pensions.

English Also available in: French

Effective age of labour market exit

The average effective age of labour market exit remained below 65 in 2018 in slightly less than half of OECD countries for men and in two-thirds of them for women. Average exit ages are at or below 60 for women only in Greece, Hungary and the Slovak Republic. They are below 62 for both men and women in Belgium, France, Greece, Luxembourg and the Slovak Republic. By contrast, both women and men in Korea and men in Chile, Japan, Korea and Mexico withdrew from the labour market on average after age 70. In nearly all OECD countries, men exit the labour market after women, with the largest difference observed in Mexico (4.8 years). Only in Estonia, France and Luxembourg is the effective age of labour market exit higher for women than for men, though only slightly.

English Also available in: French


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error