OECD Reviews of Public Health: Chile

A Healthier Tomorrow

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This review assesses Chile's public health system, highlights areas of strength and weakness, and makes a number of recommendations for improvement. The review examines Chile's public health system architecture, and how well policies are responding to significant population health challenges including high rates of overweight and obesity, and relatively high smoking rates. In particular, the review assesses Chile's policies designed to tackle obesity and improve healthy diets. The review also examines Chile's cancer screening and prevention system and, finally, looks at how genetic and genomic medicine are being used to strengthen public health and preventive care in Chile.



Tackling obesity, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity

Obesity is one the main causes of morbidity and mortality in Chile, and the growing prevalence is creating a major threat to the health of the country. Chile has put in place a comprehensive portfolio of interventions, from population-level fiscal policies, to school- and workplace-focused programmes, to individual interventions in primary care. There are a number of ways in which Chile could further strengthen its portfolio of interventions, including through expanding some polices so that they cover a greater share of the population, and a greater number of food products. In addition Chile’s private health insurers – the ISAPRES – have a bigger role to play, and could do more to positively influence the health of their insurees.


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