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OECD Reviews of Public Health: Chile

A Healthier Tomorrow

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This review assesses Chile's public health system, highlights areas of strength and weakness, and makes a number of recommendations for improvement. The review examines Chile's public health system architecture, and how well policies are responding to significant population health challenges including high rates of overweight and obesity, and relatively high smoking rates. In particular, the review assesses Chile's policies designed to tackle obesity and improve healthy diets. The review also examines Chile's cancer screening and prevention system and, finally, looks at how genetic and genomic medicine are being used to strengthen public health and preventive care in Chile.

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Developing public health genomics to strengthen preventive care in Chile

A well-designed national strategy on using public health genomics to strengthen public health and preventive care could make Chile a regional leader in this emerging field. Although the global trend of increasing use of genomic testing improving diagnosis and treatments for the sick and preventive measures for the healthy, Chile lacks of a national plan for implementing precision medicine in the clinical practice or public health policies. International efforts in OECD countries can provide good examples of government-industry system structures that have been successful in the expansion of genomics services, particularly for informing public health and preventive care. Regulation, rigorous empirical evidence, development of the genetics workforce, genetics education for health professionals and the public as well as careful attention to equitable service design is necessary to achieve widespread public health and preventive care applications in Chile.

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