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OECD Reviews of Public Health: Chile

A Healthier Tomorrow

image of OECD Reviews of Public Health: Chile

This review assesses Chile's public health system, highlights areas of strength and weakness, and makes a number of recommendations for improvement. The review examines Chile's public health system architecture, and how well policies are responding to significant population health challenges including high rates of overweight and obesity, and relatively high smoking rates. In particular, the review assesses Chile's policies designed to tackle obesity and improve healthy diets. The review also examines Chile's cancer screening and prevention system and, finally, looks at how genetic and genomic medicine are being used to strengthen public health and preventive care in Chile.

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Assessment and recommendations

Chile has a well-functioning, well-organised and effectively governed health system and public health architecture. The public health challenges that Chile is facing would, however, strain any health system. Smoking rates are relatively high, alcohol consumption is low but rising, and mortality from cancer is high in comparison to cancer incidence. Chile’s biggest challenge, though, is that in Chile 34.4% of adults are obese, and 44.5% of children are obese or overweight.

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