OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Russian Federation 2012

image of OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Russian Federation 2012

This review examines some of the possible reasons for poor population health in Russia and explores possible impediments to further improvements. In doing so it examines the current health system against the background of the reforms put in place in the 1990s and recent policy efforts to correct some of the most important difficulties. It also identifies some of the strengths and weaknesses of existing arrangements.



Assessment and recommendations

It is a fact that Russian health outcomes fall well below those of OECD countries. Russian life expectancy at birth averaged 69 years in 2010 (63 years for men and 75 for women) and lags behind the OECD average by slightly more than ten years. The Russian Federation’s life expectancy is also low when compared with OECD countries with similar levels of income per capita – e.g. average life expectancy is about seven years less in the Russian Federation than in Chile and Poland. A similar picture emerges using other concepts of longevity such as disability-adjusted life expectancy (DALE) and healthy life expectancy (HLE) (see Chapter 3).


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