OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Lithuania 2018

image of OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Lithuania 2018

The report analyses the performance of Lithuania’s health system which has been long characterised by its institutional stability and the steady pursuit of a policy agenda aimed at adapting it to the evolving burden of disease. Today, even if total spending on health is low and out-of-pocket payments represent nearly a third of it, the system ensures fairly equitable access to care. The main challenge to the system is that health outcomes still place Lithuania among the lowest ranked in the OECD. Efforts need to be geared more systematically towards strengthening public health and improving the quality of the services delivered at primary and hospital care levels.




Lithuania has made remarkable progress in reshaping its health system since the 1990s. The institutional and legal framework for providing health services is solid and well-functioning. An important component is the social health insurance system, partly funded by general budget resources to cover the non-active population, which has proven resilient in the face of the financial crisis and provides broadly adequate and equitable access to health services. Despite spending only 6.5% of GDP on health, admission rates and physician visits are well above OECD averages and unmet needs are just below the OECD average.


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