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OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Kazakhstan 2018

image of OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Kazakhstan 2018

Kazakhstan has made significant economic progress over recent decades. Health has risen on the policy agenda with a number of sector reforms introduced to modernise the system and improve the health of the population. This review uses globally recognised frameworks and indicators to evaluate Kazakhstan’s overall health system as well as its primary care and hospital sectors. Data provided by Kazakhstan is used to benchmark the various dimensions of performance with that of OECD countries. While the review points to notable successes, Kazakhstan continues to face challenges to improve the accessibility, equity, and efficiency of health services. To strengthen health system performance, the report points to key actions that Kazakhstan should consider prioritising in the coming years.

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Improving the performance of primary health care in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan has thoroughly revamped its primary health care (PHC) sector over the past ten years. Major reforms have been implemented and have resulted in substantial achievements: a specialised PHC workforce has been established and rapidly expanded, facilities have become more autonomous, quality assurance mechanisms have been put in place, new services have been introduced to tackle the burden of disease, and payment mechanisms have been restructured to incentivise quality in service delivery.

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