Modernising Social Services in Spain

Designing a New National Framework

image of Modernising Social Services in Spain

Social services in Spain are confronted with a series of challenges, including growing demand due to population ageing, changing family models, rising inequality and labour market changes. Services are fragmented and, with multiple providers, lack reliable and comprehensive data. There is also a discontinuity between primary and specialised care. The decentralised model of competences generates complexity in management and financing of services. With the current governance and financing system, there are disparities in the type and quality of social services provided across the 17 Spanish Autonomous Communities and two autonomous cities. In addition, there is a lack of portability of benefits throughout the country. This report suggests ways to improve the legal context, move towards more universal services, strengthen quality, and move towards more evidence-based policies.


There are differences in actual access to social services across Spain

The chapter demonstrates differences in the structure and supply of social services among Spanish Autonomous Communities. First, it deals with the structure of service provision in territorial and functional terms. Secondly, it presents the regulatory and real ratios of social services professionals to the population. Finally, it presents the eligibility and co-payment criteria for social services.


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