Migration for Employment

Bilateral Agreements at a Crossroads

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This report opens with an overview of bilateral agreements and other forms of labour recruitment of foreigners in several OECD countries (Czech Republic, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Switzerland, United Kingdom and United States) as well as in the Philippines and Romania.  It then has a series of chapters describing the management and implementation of these practices and analysing the impact of these agreements on labour markets, economic development and migration policies of both sending and receiving countries.  It also examines the prospects for this type of migration. The Annex lists the principal agreements signed by OECD countries, by type of recruitment scheme (e.g. seasonal, contract workers, trainees and guest workers).

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From Labour Emigration to Labour Recruitment

The Case of Italy

Italy was long a sending country of immigrants: between 1865 and 1940, more than 25 million Italians emigrated. After the Second World War, as the country was struggling to industrialise and to manage the transition of the economy, large numbers of Italians left to work abroad, both in Europe and further afield. It was not until the 1973 crisis that this emigration came to a halt. Towards the end of the 1980s, Italy began to receive foreign...

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