Working Better with Age: Japan

image of Working Better with Age: Japan

Currently, Japan has the highest old-age dependency ratio of all OECD countries, with a ratio in 2017 of over 50 persons aged 65 and above for every 100 persons aged 20 to 64. This ratio is projected to rise to 79 per hundred in 2050. The rapid population ageing in Japan is a major challenge for achieving further increases in living standards and ensuring the financial sustainability of public social expenditure. However, with the right policies in place, there is an opportunity to cope with this challenge by extending working lives and making better use of older workers' knowledge and skills. This report investigates policy issues and discusses actions to retain and incentivise the elderly to work more by further reforming retirement policies and seniority-wages, investing in skills to improve productivity and keeping up with labour market changes through training policy, and ensuring good working conditions for better health with tackling long-hours working culture.



概 要

人口高齢化は、他の多くのOECD諸国よりも、急速に進展している。それゆえに、過去 数年間における改善基調のマクロ経済状況、政府や社会全体の努力が反映される形 で、高齢者に対する雇用機会が増大していることは喜ばしい状況である。さらなる高齢 者雇用の増加は、今後20,30年に亘って日本が直面することが見込まれる労働力の 急激な下落をくい止めることに資するだろう。しかしながら、日本の高齢者の労働力率 は、特に男性では、すでにOECD諸国の中でも最も高い部類にあり、これを達成するこ とは容易ではない。

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