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Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 4)

Labour Market Integration in Italy

image of Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 4)

Until the mid-1990s, the share of migrants in Italy was relatively low in international comparison. With a persistent demand for foreign workers in low-skilled and low-paid jobs, the proximity of conflict areas and the enlargement of the European Union to Romania and Bulgaria in 2007, migration to Italy increased rapidly over the last 15 years. This report presents an overview of the skills and qualifications of immigrants in Italy, their key labour market outcomes in international comparison, and their evolution over time, given the highly segmented Italian labour market and its high share of informal jobs.

It analyses the framework for integration and the main integration policy instruments. Special attention is paid to funding issues and to the distribution of competences between national and sub-national actors. Finally, this report reviews the integration at school and the school-to-work transition of the children of immigrants

English Italian

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The integration of immigrant offspring in Italy: An emerging issue

This chapter evaluates the school and labour market integration of immigrant offspring in international comparison and vis-à-vis the children of natives in Italy. Socio-economic background as well as other factors are explored as possible explanatory factors of their outcomes. Due to the predominance of recent flows, the bulk of immigrant offspring is composed of minor native-born children of immigrants and of young migrants trained in Italy. Immigrant children arrived at the end of mandatory schooling is also a significant group. The impact of their late arrival on their educational and labour market outcomes is considered. The situation of immigrant offspring has not yet received enough attention in terms of national policies. Since growing cohorts of immigrant offspring will soon enter the Italian labour market, it is urgent to set their integration as a top priority. This chapter explores the policies that could best contribute to improve their integration in the Italian educational system and in the labour market.

English Italian

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