Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 4)

Labour Market Integration in Italy

image of Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 4)

Until the mid-1990s, the share of migrants in Italy was relatively low in international comparison. With a persistent demand for foreign workers in low-skilled and low-paid jobs, the proximity of conflict areas and the enlargement of the European Union to Romania and Bulgaria in 2007, migration to Italy increased rapidly over the last 15 years. This report presents an overview of the skills and qualifications of immigrants in Italy, their key labour market outcomes in international comparison, and their evolution over time, given the highly segmented Italian labour market and its high share of informal jobs.

It analyses the framework for integration and the main integration policy instruments. Special attention is paid to funding issues and to the distribution of competences between national and sub-national actors. Finally, this report reviews the integration at school and the school-to-work transition of the children of immigrants

English Italian


The framework for integration in Italy

This chapter presents the evolution of the legislative framework for integration and integration policies in Italy, and the different key actors at the national and sub-national levels. The responsibilities with regard to integration of national and sub-national actors are explored, with a discussion of co-ordination and overlap. Decentralisation and the role of local authorities and third-sector service providers are assessed, in terms of gains from reactivity and flexibility as well as losses from fragmented, clashing, overlapping or incomplete coverage and execution. The chapter examines the planning and implementation nationally and regionally. It also includes a detailed analysis of regional funding for integration and a discussion of difficulties to effectively allocate budgeted resources.

English Italian

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