Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 4)

Labour Market Integration in Italy

image of Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 4)

Until the mid-1990s, the share of migrants in Italy was relatively low in international comparison. With a persistent demand for foreign workers in low-skilled and low-paid jobs, the proximity of conflict areas and the enlargement of the European Union to Romania and Bulgaria in 2007, migration to Italy increased rapidly over the last 15 years. This report presents an overview of the skills and qualifications of immigrants in Italy, their key labour market outcomes in international comparison, and their evolution over time, given the highly segmented Italian labour market and its high share of informal jobs.

It analyses the framework for integration and the main integration policy instruments. Special attention is paid to funding issues and to the distribution of competences between national and sub-national actors. Finally, this report reviews the integration at school and the school-to-work transition of the children of immigrants

English Also available in: Italian


Comparing the characteristics and labour market outcomes of immigrants across countries

Immigrant employment levels are high in Italy compared with their native peers. This chapter examines factors which nuance the positive interpretation of this indicator. First, the labour market outcomes in Italy are seen in international comparisons, in particular for women. Second, immigrants’ young average age and their underrepresentation among students are examined, to see if they partly drive high immigrant employment levels vis-à-vis their native peers. Third, the chapter looks at regional concentration of immigrants in northern and central regions where labour market conditions are more favourable. Fourth, international comparison of immigrants’ education and skills in Italy is conducted. Finally, the chapter discusses whether immigrants suffered disproportionally from the economic crisis, and the implications for the future sustainability of mostly low-skilled jobs held by immigrants.

English Also available in: Italian

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