Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 4)

Labour Market Integration in Italy

image of Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 4)

Until the mid-1990s, the share of migrants in Italy was relatively low in international comparison. With a persistent demand for foreign workers in low-skilled and low-paid jobs, the proximity of conflict areas and the enlargement of the European Union to Romania and Bulgaria in 2007, migration to Italy increased rapidly over the last 15 years. This report presents an overview of the skills and qualifications of immigrants in Italy, their key labour market outcomes in international comparison, and their evolution over time, given the highly segmented Italian labour market and its high share of informal jobs.

It analyses the framework for integration and the main integration policy instruments. Special attention is paid to funding issues and to the distribution of competences between national and sub-national actors. Finally, this report reviews the integration at school and the school-to-work transition of the children of immigrants

English Italian


Assessment and recommendations

With Spain, Italy is the OECD country with the highest annual growth of its legal immigrant population since the beginning of the 2000s. Its location in the middle of the Mediterranean basin and sustained demand for labour in lower-skill occupations has made Italy a major destination for migrants. Between 2001 and 2011, the share of the foreign-born in the total population nearly tripled to 9% of the total population. Immigrants are largely over-represented in the most active age groups (25-44) and overall, they represent nearly 11% of the working-age population (15-64). This share is higher than in Greece and Portugal but remains below the share of most other OECD countries with similar GDP levels.

English Italian

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