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Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 3)

Labour Market Integration in Austria, Norway and Switzerland

image of Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 3)

When immigrants arrive in a new country, they are confronted with new labour market requirements such as language proficiency, familiarity with job-search procedures and work practices which they are not always able to satisfy. Over time, this expertise can be acquired. In practice however, differences in employment and earnings persist: experience and qualifications obtained abroad may not be fully equivalent to experience and qualifications acquired in the host country or not recognised as such, social capital may be lacking, or discriminatory hiring practices may persist among employers. These obstacles affect not only new immigrants, but, surprisingly, their offspring too.

This publication reviews the labour market integration of immigrants and their offspring in three OECD countries (Austria, Norway and Switzerlands) and provides country-specific recommendations. It also includes a summary chapter highlighting common challenges and policy responses. It is the third and last in a series which has covered eleven OECD countries.

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The labour market integration of immigrants and their children in Norway

The labour market integration of immigrants has been a longstanding issue on the policy agenda in Norway. It is seen as essential to ensuring social cohesion, and has gained importance in the context of the recent increase in immigration. This chapter presents an overview of the key labour market outcomes of immigrants in Norway in international comparison, and their evolution over time. It sets out the framework for integration and provides a detailed picture of migrants in the labour market. It analyses some of the key characteristics of the Norwegian labour market and their links with integration and the main integration policy instruments. The chapter also looks into the labour market integration of the children of immigrants, the integration programme, integration into the public sector and the evidence regarding discrimination.

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