Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 3)

Labour Market Integration in Austria, Norway and Switzerland

image of Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 3)

When immigrants arrive in a new country, they are confronted with new labour market requirements such as language proficiency, familiarity with job-search procedures and work practices which they are not always able to satisfy. Over time, this expertise can be acquired. In practice however, differences in employment and earnings persist: experience and qualifications obtained abroad may not be fully equivalent to experience and qualifications acquired in the host country or not recognised as such, social capital may be lacking, or discriminatory hiring practices may persist among employers. These obstacles affect not only new immigrants, but, surprisingly, their offspring too.

This publication reviews the labour market integration of immigrants and their offspring in three OECD countries (Austria, Norway and Switzerlands) and provides country-specific recommendations. It also includes a summary chapter highlighting common challenges and policy responses. It is the third and last in a series which has covered eleven OECD countries.

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The labour market integration of immigrants and their children in Austria

Until the mid-1980s, the share of migrants in Austria was relatively low in international comparison. With the fall of the Iron Curtain and the opportunities which it opened for East-West flows, migration to Austria increased rapidly. This chapter presents an overview of the key labour market outcomes of immigrants in Austria in international comparison, and their evolution over time. It analyses the framework for integration and provides a detailed picture of immigrants and their children in the labour market. It analyses the main integration policy instruments, the skills and qualifications of immigrants and their use in the labour market, and reviews the school-to-work transition of the children of immigrants as well as the evidence regarding discrimination.

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