Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 1)

Labour Market Integration in Australia, Denmark, Germany and Sweden

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When immigrants arrive in a new country, they are confronted with new labour market requirements such as language proficiency, familiarity with job search procedures and work practices which they are not always able to satisfy. These obstacles affect not only new immigrants, but, surprisingly, their children too, even if the children are born and educated in the receiving country.  This publication presents reviews of the labour market integration of immigrants and their children in four OECD countries (Australia, Denmark, Germany and Sweden), and provides country-specific recommendations. Governments have a role to play in promoting language and vocational training, and encouraging diversity in the workplace. Immigrants themselves must accept the requirements of the host country employers. The viability of future migration policies, in particular greater recourse to immigration, will depend to a large extent on how successful OECD countries and immigrants are in achieving these objectives.



The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Germany

Germany is a country that only formally acknowledged itself as a country of immigration in 2005. This reflects a long-standing view of immigrants as guest-workers, that is, persons who came to Germany to satisfy labour needs that implicitly were considered to be temporary and who were to return to their countries of origin when the need for their services no longer existed. The term “guest-worker” (gastarbeiter) is itself a German neologism. At the same time, however, Germany was the destination country for significant numbers of immigrants of a different kind but that were not considered immigrants because of their German origin. These are the so-called ethnic Germans (Aussiedler) who arrived in Germany from Central and Eastern Europe in the years following World War II.


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