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Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 1)

Labour Market Integration in Australia, Denmark, Germany and Sweden

image of Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 1)

When immigrants arrive in a new country, they are confronted with new labour market requirements such as language proficiency, familiarity with job search procedures and work practices which they are not always able to satisfy. These obstacles affect not only new immigrants, but, surprisingly, their children too, even if the children are born and educated in the receiving country.  This publication presents reviews of the labour market integration of immigrants and their children in four OECD countries (Australia, Denmark, Germany and Sweden), and provides country-specific recommendations. Governments have a role to play in promoting language and vocational training, and encouraging diversity in the workplace. Immigrants themselves must accept the requirements of the host country employers. The viability of future migration policies, in particular greater recourse to immigration, will depend to a large extent on how successful OECD countries and immigrants are in achieving these objectives.

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The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Australia

The Australian situation with respect to the integration of immigrants is a rather unique one. It differs from that of the other OECD countries that are participating in this first round of country reviews (Denmark, France, Germany and Sweden) in several important ways. Australia is a country of immigration par excellence. It has been settled by immigrants, and immigration is considered part of the national heritage. For decades, there has been a comparatively large public consensus on the importance and need for immigration and, as a consequence, integration. The economy is strongly dependent on immigrants, and about 25% of the workforce are foreign-born.

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